Physicist Sally Reid was the first American woman to travel into space. The launch of a female astronaut into space in 1983 was important to many because in space research, as well as in the field of science in general, it was mostly men who worked and we encountered gender inequality. By the way, this is still the case today. Consequently, launching a woman into space could have a positive effect on gender perceptions.
It is noteworthy that Sally did not go into space just because she was a woman. He was an excellent student at Stanford University, then taught at the Universities of California and San Diego, and co-authored a number of important studies.
Before going into space, NASA engineers packed 100 pieces of tampons on the space shuttle for Sally Ryde and asked if that would be enough. It is noteworthy that Sally Ryde had to spend only 7 days in space. Ryde explained to the engineers that such a number of tampons was inadequate, to which he replied: “At least to insure ourselves.”
Finally, in 1983, physicist Sally Reid flew into space with her staff and 100 tampons. This story sounds a bit comical now, after Sally, a number of female astronauts traveled to space, which the engineers no longer carried the astronomical number of tampons (pun intended), although Sally’s example well illustrates the attitude towards women in areas where mostly men work.
People working in STEM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics) fields, especially excellent scientists, often appear to be rational people in popular culture, however, when it comes to women, people working in this field often find themselves just as ignorant as boys. Who learned about female anatomy yesterday.
Sexism is like a potential virus that sits in many areas and is often based on gender inequality. I try to show this with this article.
In August 2017, Google engineer James Damor released a document to the company called “Google’s Ideological Echo Chamber” in which he argued that the company prioritized maintaining gender balance and that it not only hurt the company’s activities but also directed sexism against men.
The focus is on gender and ethnic balance in Google. The company has a “diversity” department through which it seeks to curb sexism and other discriminatory practices in the workplace. This policy of the company is a broader illustration of what is happening globally.
In many places, especially in developed countries, companies and governments are trying to balance the sexually segregated areas. Sexual segregation, for example the fact that in many executive positions are predominantly male, is partly blamed on sexist stereotypes prevalent in society.
According to Damork, the high representation of men in STEM fields is due to biological reasons. The argument goes something like this: There are psychological differences between men and women, and these differences are caused by different biologies. According to Damor, women choose “non-mathematical” professions because they do not realize high executive positions because they are characterized by high “neuroticism” and agree more easily to different terms in negotiations, which is also the result of different biology.
Because of similar views, Google fired Dummies, sparking discussions about gender inequality in society. There is nothing new in the views expressed by Damor, and I have already discussed such an essentialist understanding of gender inequality before.
In fact, Damor simply misunderstands existing studies on gender inequality, as did one of the authors of the research quoted by Damor, David. P. Schmidt reveals in an interview with Wired.
“The difference between the sexes in neuroticism is not so great, biology can only account for 10% of the variation,” Schmidt said. After being fired from Google, the interview with Damor was recorded by Canadian psychologist Jordan Peterson and former YouTuber Stephen Mollenium. Not surprisingly, Damor’s sentiments gained the support of the “New Conservatives.”
The argument that sexism for women has been replaced by sexism for men is quite popular but unfounded. Equally pointless is the evidence for Damor’s “biological differences”, I will try to show this in later sections of the article, before it is worth discussing the experiences of women.